King's Dream

The Good Society and the Moral Law

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I’m Eric Metaxas. Today on BreakPoint we re-present Chuck Colson’s commentary on Martin Luther King Day and Dr. King’s dramatic defense of the moral law.

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Chuck Colson

More than forty years ago, on August 28, 1963, a quarter million people gathered in front of the Lincoln Memorial. They marched here for the cause of civil rights. And that day they heard Martin Luther King Jr. deliver his famous “I Have a Dream” speech, a speech in which he challenged America to fulfill her promise.

“I have a dream,” he said, “that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed. ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal.’ ”

While we know of the speech, most people are unaware that King also penned one of the most eloquent defenses of the moral law: the law that formed the basis for his speech, for the civil rights movement, and for all of the law, for that matter.

In the spring of 1963, King was arrested for leading a series of massive non-violent protests against the segregated lunch counters and discriminatory hiring practices rampant in Birmingham, Alabama. While in jail, King received a letter from eight Alabama ministers. They agreed with his goals, but they thought that he should call off the demonstrations and obey the law.

King explained why he disagreed in his famous Letter from a Birmingham Jail. “One might well ask,” he wrote, “how can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?” The answer “is found in the fact that there are two kinds of laws: just laws … and unjust laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws,” King said, “but conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.”

How does one determine whether the law is just or unjust? A just law, King wrote, “squares with the moral law of the law of God. An unjust law ... is out of harmony with the moral law.”

Then King quoted Saint Augustine: “An unjust law is no law at all.” He quoted Thomas Aquinas: “An unjust law is a human law not rooted in eternal or natural law.”

This is the great issue today in the public square: Is the law rooted in truth? Is it transcendent, immutable, and morally binding? Or is it, as liberal interpreters argue, simply whatever courts say it is? Do we discover the law, or do we create it?

Many think of King as a liberal firebrand, waging war on traditional values. Nothing could be further from the truth. King was a great conservative on this central issue, and he stood on the shoulders of Augustine and Aquinas, striving to restore our heritage of justice rooted in the law of God.

Were he alive today, I believe he’d be in the vanguard of the pro-life movement. I also believe that he would be horrified at the way in which out of control courts have trampled down the moral truths he advocated.

From the time of Emperor Nero, who declared Christianity illegal, to the days of the American slave trade, from the civil rights struggle of the sixties to our current battles against abortion, euthanasia, cloning, and same-sex “marriage,” Christians have always maintained exactly what King maintained.

King’s dream was to live in harmony with the moral law as God established it. So this Martin Luther King Day, reflect on that dream—for it is worthy of our aspirations, our hard work, and the same commitment Dr. King showed.

The original commentary first aired on August 28, 2003.


Further Reading and Information

Martin Luther King Jr., Letter from a Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963.

Read the text of Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech.

Visit the Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute website.

St. Augustine, City of God (Penguin Classics reprint, 2003).


Dr. King on abortion
Mr. Anderson asks why Mr. Colson thought Dr. King would be pro-life. Before responding, I asked my old friend Google what Dr. King's position on abortion was. The first two responses I got were diametrically opposite. The first painted a picture of Dr. King as pro-choice; the second as pro-life. If you read both articles, as I did, you find that the second one takes into account the arguments raised in the first and, I think, answers them adequately. So my conclusion is that Dr. King was, indeed, pro-life. Read them yourselves; here are the web addresses:

1. http://jezebel.com/5876611/no-fox-news-martin-luther-king-jr-wasnt-anti+abortion

2. http://www.lifenews.com/2011/07/22/dr-martin-luther-king-jr-had-pro-life-view-opposing-abortion/
King's Dream
“Were he alive today, I believe he’d be in the vanguard of the pro-life movement.”

Yes, and why?

Another of the many commentators on the significance of today - and the life of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. in particular - wrote: “To grasp where King was coming from, a person needs to . . . .”

I believe the best way to finish that sentence is as simple as referencing King’s most famous line, the most oft quoted passage, the best remembered statement that in truth summarized his entire life, this one-liner from his 1963 “dream” speech:

“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”

Underline (three times), highlight and put in all caps those last five words.

King’s hope was not that his four little children would one day live in a nation where they would be judged by their refusal to move to the back of the bus; or their march on Washington, or even their cause célèbre to which they gave their lives.

Character, the content of their character, was King’s dream. The results then would take care of themselves.