Julian Simon: Expressing the Imago Dei in Economic Terms

Julian Simon’s name does not mean much to many Christians today, but it should.

Since his death on Feb. 8, 1998, 19 years ago this week, those who follow “the dismal science” of economics continue to study him, but most of the rest of us . . . well, not so much. He is, though, something of a model for how to promote unpopular ideas in the public square in ways that attract not just attention, but adherents.

For example, in the 1960s and 1970s, conventional wisdom was that the global population was growing so fast that the world was headed toward disaster. Paul Ehrlich’s alarmist 1968 book “The Population Bomb” predicted mass starvation as a primary feature of global catastrophe—all to occur by the 1970s. The book sold millions of copies, helped fuel the drive to legalize abortion, and set in motion massive United Nations and government programs to limit population growth. Ehrlich also predicted that price of raw materials would skyrocket as a rapacious human race caused them to became increasingly scarce.

Into this conversation stepped Julian Simon. His 1981 book “The Ultimate Resource” said humans were not, in fact, a blight on the earth, but rather—as the title suggests—its ultimate resource. He said that the human ability to invent and adapt would cause life on earth to prosper and life to get better as the population grew. Why? Because humans created resources at a far greater rate than they consumed them.

To make this point, and to capture the public imagination, Simon said that if Ehrlich was right, the price of commodities should skyrocket. He publicly bet Paul Ehrlich that the price of a basket of five commodities would fall, not rise, over the course of the coming decade. Ehrlich took the bait, and Simon won handily, as the price of all five metals fell. The Bet had a big influence on a generation of young political activists and emerging economists who were looking for ways to represent difficult economic principles to the general public in more interesting ways. “The Bet” went a long way toward discrediting Ehrlich’s work, and though Simon challenged Ehrlich to other wagers, Ehrlich refused.

Julian Simon’s predictions were not infallible. In 1996 he bet an Auburn University professor that timber prices would fall in a five-year period. Simon did not live to see 2001, the target year of the bet. He died in 1998, but he saw there was a “50-50” chance he could lose, so he honorably paid off the bet before he died. In fact, timber prices did rise over that five-year period, in part because of government regulations that artificially manipulated the market. (It is important to note that timber prices are famously volatile, and Simon’s timber bet took place during a period of a price spike. If he had lived to make his wager a 10-year bet, he likely would have won.)

Simon’s personal life was not without challenges. He suffered from bouts of depression for much of his adult life, but he soldiered courageously on despite these challenges, eventually writing a book about his struggles with depression. Simon, who did not make much of his own religious faith, often co-labored with religionists, especially those who opposed abortion, opponents of China’s one-child policy, and those who stood against government and international efforts to curb population growth.

So during this week, the week not just of Julian Simon’s death, but also his birth (Feb. 12, 1932), we would do well to look back on his life and remember how he used economics to teach us a fundamental biblical lesson: We humans are created in the image of God. By virtue of the imago dei stamped on us by our Creator, each of us has inherent worth, and—to use Julian Simon’s economic language—is the “ultimate resource.”


Not just people but groups for the interactions increase value geometrically rather then arithmetically.

Imagine Ug the Caveman and Grugg. Ug has a flint knife and a bit of salt meat. As does Grugg. If they meet they start trading. Pretty soon Ug becomes a smith and Grugg becomes a butcher. As a result both have better knives and better meat because each is doing what they do best. Multiply that by dozens and you have a tribe or a confederation of tribes. Make rules(to keep Ug and Grugg from cutting each other's throats in the process) and you are starting to get things like law culture, and soon enough, art and literature. And so on.

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